The Commercial Court

The Commercial Court is composed of lay judges called "consular judges".

The French Commercial Courts settle disputes between individuals and merchants or between merchants and commercial companies.

Judges adjudicate disputes involving commercial acts between companies or between individuals.

The Commercial Court also intervenes in preventive actions or collective procedures.

The consular judges are volunteers who have been chosen among merchants or business leaders and elected by them.

The trial panel shall consist of at least three judges, unless otherwise provided.

The Public Prosecutor represents the interests of the company before the court.

It is compulsory for him to express himself in the cases of companies in difficulty(receivership or judicial liquidation).

The commercial court that issues an order for payment is the one located near the debtor.

In the event of opposition and in application of article 1408, it may relinquish jurisdiction in favour of the Court of the creditor's registered office.